December 2, 2023

It’s a well-documented proven fact that Kerala ranks first on many socio-economic indicators in comparison with different States. For example, it has a low share of teenage marriages, a low toddler mortality ratio, a low share of stunted youngsters, and a excessive share of individuals utilizing sanitation amenities in comparison with different States. The truth is, it stands out on many indicators even among the many comparatively superior southern States.

Nonetheless, vital inter-district disparities exist throughout many indicators. The variations between comparatively wealthy districts reminiscent of Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram and comparatively poor districts reminiscent of Kasaragod, Palakkad, Wayanad and Malappuram had been significantly excessive throughout most of the parameters thought-about on this evaluation.

Kerala district map

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That is the second story in a sequence of Information Factors exploring inter-district variations in southern States. Within the first story, revealed on June 26, Tamil Nadu’s numbers had been analysed. Right here, Kerala’s district-wise variations have been analysed throughout eight indicators. You will need to notice that the inter-district variations usually are not as stark in Kerala because it was in Tamil Nadu.

Chart 1 | The chart reveals the share of households that used clear gasoline (electrical energy, LPG/pure gasoline, biogas) for cooking in 2019-21.

Over 88% of households in Ernakulam used clear gasoline in comparison with Idukki’s 54%. Whereas 80% or extra households in Alappuzha and Kollam used clear gasoline, solely 60% or a decrease share of households in Wayanad, Malappuram and Pathanamthitta used such gasoline.

Chart 2 | The chart reveals the share of girls aged 20-24 years who married as youngsters.

In Thrissur, Kottayam and Kollam, lower than 1% of girls had been married as youngsters in comparison with shut to fifteen% in Palakkad and Malappuram.

Chart 3 | The chart reveals the share of youngsters below the age of 5 years who had been stunted (low peak for age) in 2019-21.

In Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad, near 30% of youngsters had been stunted in comparison with simply 15.5% in Kollam. In Kannur and Thiruvananthapuram, the share was lower than 20%.

Chart 4 | The chart reveals the variety of hospital beds obtainable (excluding Ayush beds) per 1 lakh inhabitants in 2021-22.

Whereas in Malappuram and Palakkad, lower than 100 beds had been obtainable per 1 lakh individuals, greater than 200 beds per 1 lakh individuals had been obtainable in Alappuzha, Thiruvananthapuram and Kottayam.

Chart 5 | The chart reveals the per capita gross worth added (GVA) at primary worth in 2020-21 (in ).

In Wayanad and Malappuram, the per capita GVA was lower than ₹1 lakh in comparison with Alappuzha and Ernakulam the place it crossed the ₹ 1.7 lakh mark. Kollam, Kottayam and Thrissur had been additionally among the many richer districts with a per capita GVA of near ₹1.4 lakh, whereas Kasaragod, Pathanamthitta and Palakkad had been among the many poorer districts.

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Chart 6 | The chart reveals the variety of public sector employees per lakh inhabitants in 2022.

An enormous gulf exists between districts reminiscent of Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam and Malappuram and Kasaragod.

Chart 7 | The chart reveals the variety of micro, small and medium enterprises (2020-21) for each one lakh individuals within the inhabitants.

Ernakulam and Thiruvananthapuram carried out higher than different districts by an enormous margin whereas Malappuram lagged behind.

Chart 8 | The chart reveals the share of landless households deriving a significant a part of their earnings from annual informal labour based on Census 2011.

Greater than 25% of the inhabitants in Palakkad, Malappuram and Wayanad got here on this bracket whereas in Ernakulam, Kottayam and Kannur the share was lower than 15%.

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Supply: Nationwide Household Well being Survey, Statistics studies from the Kerala authorities web site and studies of the Kerala State Planning Board

Additionally learn: Industrial investments: The Kerala story

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