December 5, 2023

Spanish universities lose positions within the rating of Shanghai, the world’s best-known worldwide college rating, which was printed on Tuesday. Of the 40 campuses that appeared within the high 1,000 final 12 months (this 12 months there are 38), 19 drop, 2 rise and 19 stay. And the one one categorised among the many high 200, the College of Barcelona, ​​falls to the following step (between positions 201-300). The Autónoma de Barcelona, ​​the Complutense de Madrid, and the de Valencia additionally descend to the vary of positions 301-400.

The reason, considers Julio del Corral, professor of Economics on the College of Castilla-La Mancha, lies not a lot in a drop within the scientific stage of Spanish universities, however within the very fast progress of universities in China (in whose nation the rating), that are gaining extra locations among the many first 1,000 in every version, displacing others. Amongst them the Spanish.

On this 12 months’s version, China has 214 universities within the high 1,000, in comparison with 146 5 years in the past. And the impact of this improve will not be solely being paid for by Spanish universities, however by Western ones typically, says Del Corral. In 2018, the US had 217 universities on the listing of the highest 1,000 and 5 years later the quantity has been lowered to 187. “I might not communicate a lot of a setback for Spanish universities, as of the power of China. Ultimately, the rankings replicate relative positions. You may keep a very good model, but when somebody surpasses you, you’ll go down, ”provides Del Corral. And if, on account of their stage of funding and their mannequin of territorial decentralization (versus the concentrations that one of these classification rewards), Spanish universities have by no means been ready to compete on the high of the desk, “with all of the The cash that China is placing into its facilities might be much less and fewer”, predicts the professor.

Spanish universities among the many high 1,000 2023 2022
Barcelona 201-300 151-200
Grenade 201-300 201-300
Autonomous of Barcelona 301-400 201-300
Autonomous of Madrid 301-400 301-400
Complutense of Madrid 301-400 201-300
pompeu fabra 301-400 301-400
Valencia 301-400 201-300
Polytechnic of Valencia 401-500 401-500
Basque Nation 401-500 301-400
Alicante 501-600 601-700
Navarre 501-600 501-600
Salamanca 501-600 501-600
Seville 501-600 401-500
Vigo 501-600 501-600
Polytechnic of Madrid 601-700 601-700
James I 601-700 601-700
The lagoon 601-700 701-800
Oviedo 601-700 701-800
Santiago de Compostela 601-700 401-500
Balearic Islands 601-700 701-800
Saragossa 601-700 501-600
Polytechnic of Catalonia 701-800 701-800
Lleida 701-800 701-800
Estremadura 701-800 601-800
Malaga 701-800 701-800
Murcia 701-800 701-800
Rovira i Virgili 701-800 601-700
Paul de Olavide 801-900 601-700
Castilla la Mancha 801-900 701-800
Girona 801-900 801-900
Jaen 801-900 701-800
Charles III 901-1000 901-1000
King Juan Carlos 901-1000 901-1000
Cadiz 901-1000 901-1000
alcala 901-1000 801-900
Cantabria 901-1000 901-1000
Cordova 901-1000 801-900
Valladolid 901-1000 901-1000

He rating, formally known as the Tutorial Rating of World Universities, has been ready yearly since 2003 by Jiao Tong College, situated in Shanghai, China. The rating is decided by components such because the variety of a college’s school and alumni who’ve obtained the Nobel or Fields Medal (the highest prize in arithmetic), extremely cited researchers on its workers, and different indicators of high quality and quantity of analysis you do.

This technique for calculating the standard of educational facilities, much like that of different rankings, can, nevertheless, be tricked, as revealed by the investigation printed this 12 months by EL PAÍS, which revealed that Saudi Arabia paid Spanish scientists to declare that They carried out their work primarily in universities in that nation, in such a method as to artificially enhance their worldwide place. The calculation technique penalizes educational facilities that aren’t centered on science and know-how.

One other signal of China’s power is {that a} college on this nation, Tsinghua, ranked twenty second, has turn out to be the primary in Asia, surpassing Tokyo, which has been relegated to twenty sixth place.

You may comply with EL PAÍS EDUCATION in Fb and Twitteror enroll right here to obtain our weekly publication.