December 4, 2023

As Europe faces a second warmth wave this summer season, we check out the most well liked temperatures ever recorded throughout the whole continent.

Extensive areas of southern Europe have been affected by an intense and extended interval of utmost warmth.

Temperatures are anticipated to succeed in 40ºC in Spain at the moment and 40ºC in Sicily.

These excessive temperatures carry with them a sequence of points, from wildfires, droughts and desertification to heat-related deaths. Scientists and local weather consultants warn that excessive climate occasions, akin to warmth waves, are rising quickly on account of local weather change.

As the warmth continues to batter Europe this summer season, temperature information might be damaged.

What’s the document temperature in Europe?

The very best temperature presently recorded in Europe was 48.8C within the metropolis of Syracuse, on the Italian island of Sicilyin 2021.

The circumstances compelled the declaration of a state of emergency all through the nation. A high-pressure “warmth dome” stretching throughout the Mediterranean created a domino impact of phenomena excessive climate.

Earlier than that, Greece held the document for 44 years. In 1977 a temperature of 48ºC was recorded in Athens.

In different components of southern Europe, there have additionally been temperatures above 40ºC. Portugal reached 47.3 ºC in 2003 within the small city of Amareleja, within the southeast of the nation. In Spain, 47.6 ºC was reached in 2021.

Final 12 months was the most well liked in Spain since information started in 1961, and in addition the sixth rainiest within the nation regardless of the presence of the La Nina climate phenomenon, which barely lowered international common temperatures.

Iceland holds the document for the bottom most temperatures in Europe, with a documented 30.5ºC in 1939.

Eire holds the second coldest document for optimum temperatures, at 33.3ºC. This document dates from 1887 and is the one one from the nineteenth century in Europe.

And as we head into an El Nino climate cycle, mixed with continued international warming, it appears set to hit extra warmth information.

In accordance with a report printed this 12 months by the UN World Meteorological Group (WMO) and the European Copernicus community, the continent has warmed twice the worldwide common for the reason that Nineteen Eighties.

18 European nations have recorded their highest temperature since 2010, in line with WMO information.

How are document temperatures recorded and verified?

Regardless of the frequency with which new information have been set within the final 13 years, their verification isn’t a fast course of.

WMO maintains a world archive of utmost climate and local weather occasions, which information information on temperature, strain, precipitation, hail, aridity, wind, lightning, and weather-related mortality.

Doing all this takes time. The group contacts the nationwide climate service of the nation the place a document is believed to have taken place to acquire data such because the tools used and observing practices.

A committee of consultants evaluations this data over six to 9 months. It then recommends a conclusion to the WMO Rapporteur on Excessive Climate and Local weather Occasions, who both accepts the document for inclusion within the archive or rejects it.

For instance, the European temperature document in Sicily was recorded in 2021 and was preliminarily accepted, however has not been confirmed by the WMO till this week.

What’s the hottest temperature ever recorded?

The company additionally appears at older information. The present world document for the best temperature is 56.7ºC within the dying Valley (USA) on July 10, 1913.

However for years it was believed to be 58C reportedly recorded in Libya in 1922 till a WMO crew carried out an investigation between 2010 and 2012.