April 14, 2024

Given the rise in dengue instances that Bangladesh is struggling, the World Well being Group (WHO) has known as for “efforts to manage the inhabitants of mosquito vectors and reduce particular person publicity” with using mosquito repellents and using long-sleeved clothes

The outbreak, which has escalated quickly since late June, has seen a complete of 69,483 confirmed instances and 327 associated deaths between January 1 and August 7, with a case fatality price of 0.47 p.c, in accordance with knowledgeable the WHO in an announcement.

In July alone, 43,854 instances and 204 deaths have been reported, representing 63 p.c of all instances and 62 p.c of deaths. “The sharp enhance within the quantity is unprecedented in comparison with the final 5 years, which emphasizes the severity of the continued outbreak,” they’ve warned.

“The very best incidence of dengue happens within the context of an uncommon quantity of episodic rainfall, mixed with excessive temperatures and excessive humidity, which have resulted in a rise within the mosquito inhabitants all through Bangladesh,” they clarified.

For that reason, the group has assessed the chance of dengue on the nationwide degree as “Excessive”, primarily because of the growing variety of instances, the excessive case fatality price and the huge geographical distribution of the instances.

To forestall additional progress in instances, they’ve known as for “built-in vector administration (IVM) to manage mosquito populations and cut back human-vector contact, together with elimination of potential breeding websites, discount of vector populations, and minimization of particular person publicity.

Particular actions contain vector management methods for larvae and grownup mosquitoes and supply discount, particularly water storage practices, and embody weekly masking, draining, and cleansing family water storage containers, utilizing insecticide-treated mattress nets and spray inside areas (nebulization).

On the particular person degree, protecting measures embody topical utility of repellents to uncovered pores and skin or therapy of clothes, and carrying long-sleeved shirts and pants; using family insect sprays or mosquito coils, in addition to window and door screens, which might cut back the probability of mosquitoes getting into the house.

Dengue, a viral an infection transmitted by way of mosquito bites, has lengthy plagued tropical and subtropical areas. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are the primary vectors of the illness. An contaminated mosquito can transmit the virus for the remainder of its life.

Though there may be at present no particular therapy for dengue, early detection and correct medical look after case administration can considerably cut back mortality.

In accordance with the WHO, the main focus is on the therapy of ache signs. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is usually used to manage ache and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine corresponding to ibuprofen and aspirin needs to be averted as they’ll enhance the chance of bleeding.

Most individuals with dengue have delicate or no signs and enhance inside two weeks, in uncommon instances, dengue could be extreme and result in dying, and if signs do happen, they often begin 4 to 10 days after an infection and final two to seven days.

Signs might embody excessive fever (over 40°C), extreme headache, ache behind the eyes, muscle and joint ache, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, and rash.